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National Nature Reserves (SNH WMS)

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In 2004 there were 73 National Nature Reserves in Scotland, as per the list below. However, following a review of NNR policy that took account of the availability of other designations conferring legal protection, such as site of special scientific interest, special protection area and special area of conservation, Scottish Natural Heritage together with other reserve management organisations (sometimes referred to as 'approved bodies') started re-shaping the Scotland's National Nature Reserve series. This process continues today (2013). From late 2012, governance of the NNR designation in Scotland is through a partnership group, comprising representatives of existing reserve management organisations and community land groups, chaired by Scottish Natural Heritage. Scottish Natural Heritage is still responsible for the formal/ legal declaration of NNR. This particular dataset contains coastal sites only

Scottish Marine Planning Partnerships

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Regional marine planning will be undertaken by Marine Planning Partnerships, which will be made up of marine stakeholders who reflect marine interests in their region. The partnerships will vary in size and composition depending on the area, issues to be dealt with and the existing groups. Local Authorities, Inshore Fisheries Groups, Local Coastal Partnerships and their umbrella body, the Scottish Coastal Forum, will play a role in the development of regional plans. The 11 areas where MPPs can be established are defined in the 'Scottish Marine Regions Order 2015’ 

Regional marine planning powers will be delegated to the Partnerships by Scottish Ministers. These powers will not include licensing or consenting as these will remain the responsibility of consenting bodies such as Marine Scotland and Local Authorities.

MarClim - SNH CR939 - Montagu's stellate barnacle, Chthamalus montagui (2014-2015)

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This study repeated a survey carried out between 2002 and 2010 at sites along the entire rocky coastline of Scotland. The 2014/15 survey was extended to include the Shetland Islands. The main aim of the study was to look for changes in the geographical distribution and abundance of species in the context of recent climate change – principally temperature change – on both short- and long-term timescales. Rising sea surface temperature has been, and continues to be, a general trend seen since 1980. But no increase in temperature was recorded between 2010 and 2014. No northward range extensions of species reaching their poleward geographical range limits were evident. The study did, however, note changes in abundance across Scotland: declines in blue mussel and increases in macroalgae were recorded. A Community Temperature Index was developed to measure spatial and temporal changes in the balance of a suite of warm and cold water species. There was a slight shift towards cold water species between 2002–2010 and 2014–2015.

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