Chapter 2: Physical Characteristics

Coastal Physiographic Features

Marine Scotland Information NMPi icon

The Scottish coastline consists of a complex environment of marine inlets and linear coast formed by landform process, such as glaciations, over millions of years. This has led to a diverse range of coastline physiographic features which provide different types of habitats for a huge range of marine communities. The habitats of coastal physiographic features substantially differ in their environmental conditions from substrate type, temperature, salinity, and tidal range to wave exposure. These diverse conditions provide unique niches for an abundance of marine life. 


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