The impact of the kelp (<i>Laminaria hyperborea</i>) forest on the organic matter content in sediment of the west coast of Norway.

TitleThe impact of the kelp (Laminaria hyperborea) forest on the organic matter content in sediment of the west coast of Norway.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsAbdullah, MI, Fredriksen, S, Christie, H
JournalMarine Biology Research
Pagination151 - 160
Date Published07/2017
ISBN Number1745-1000

Sediment cores were collected from an area off the west coast of Norway, where a well-established kelp community made up mainly of Laminaria hyperborea is found. Chemical analyses of the sectioned sediment cores were made, which included organic carbon, carbohydrates and phenols. These were used to collate the sediments in order to establish whether the different sites had a common origin and if this was kelp-related. The organic matter content in the surface sediments appears to be related to the water depth, which determines the degree of perturbation at the sediment-water boundary and hence the sedimentation of the organic matter. The relation between carbohydrates and phenols in the sediment appears to indicate a common origin. However, the carbohydrate and phenol content in the sediment organic fraction appears to closely resemble (to be analogous) to that of the kelp Laminaria hyperborea. Although there are some diagenetic and decomposition changes in the subsurface (historical) organic matter (that may alter its findings), this study provides good evidence that the deposits were supplied by the kelp forest in the region. The sedimentation and export of kelp-derived material is of particular significance in terms of benthic ecology and production and may also play a significant role in the global carbon budget.

Short TitleMarine Biology Research