Scotland’s vision for the seas is that they are economically productive and that marine industries are sustainable. The assessment of productivity is mainly based on a new annual Scottish Government publication Scottish Marine Economic Statistics. The assessment is presented through four activity Themes: Living resources - Aquaculture, Fishing, Fish processing, Seaweed harvesting and cultivation, Salmon and sea trout fishing; Energy & mineral resources - Renewable energy, Oil and gas sector and infrastructure, Water abstraction, Carbon capture utilisation & storage, Aggregates; Transport, communication, defence and waste - Maritime transport (freight, ports and shipping), Maritime transport (passengers, ferries and cruise ships), Waste disposal - dredge material, Military activity, Coastal erosion and flood risk management, Subsea cables, Waste water treatment and industrial outfalls; and Recreation and cultural heritage - Marine tourism, Historic environment and cultural heritage. Case Studies on particular topics are also presented under each Theme as well as case studies on Scotland's coastal town typology, Socio-economic impacts of marine protected areas; and an Overview of the marine economy. In October 2020 Scotland's marine economic statistics 2018, which includes economic data up to 2018, was published but it was not possible to incorporate these into SMA2020.

The Productive assessment in Scotland’s Marine Atlas 2011 can be found on the Scottish Government web archive here.