The Oceanic Sink for Anthropogenic CO<sub>2</sub>
|Title||The Oceanic Sink for Anthropogenic CO2|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Sabine, CL, Feely, RA, Gruber, N, Key, RM, Lee, K, Bullister, JL, Wanninkhof, R, Wong, CS, Wallace, DWR, Tilbrook, B, Millero, FJ, Peng, T-H, Kozyr, A, Ono, T, Rios, AF|
Using inorganic carbon measurements from an international survey effort in the 1990s and a tracer-based separation technique, we estimate a global oceanic anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) sink for the period from 1800 to 1994 of 118 ± 19 petagrams of carbon. The oceanic sink accounts for ∼48% of the total fossil-fuel and cement-manufacturing emissions, implying that the terrestrial biosphere was a net source of CO2 to the atmosphere of about 39 ± 28 petagrams of carbon for this period. The current fraction of total anthropogenic CO2 emissions stored in the ocean appears to be about one-third of the long-term potential.