Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and selected organochlorine chemicals in grey seals (<i>Halichoerus grypus</i>) in the North Sea
|Title||Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and selected organochlorine chemicals in grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) in the North Sea|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Kalantzi, OI, Hall, AJ, Thomas, GO, Jones, KC|
|Pagination||345 - 354|
|Keywords||Organochlorine pesticides, PBDEs, PCBs, Pinnipeds, United Kingdom|
Blubber samples from grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups were collected in 1998 through to 2000. Twenty four newly weaned pups were sampled in November 1998, 13 of which were re-sampled during their first year of life, between March and December 1999, and an additional 48 and 25 samples (new cohorts) were obtained in 1999 (November–December) and 2000 (May–September) respectively. ∑PBDE concentrations (sum of Di-HxBDEs) ranged from 45 to 1500 ng/g lipid, with a geometric mean of 290 ng/g lipid. BDE 47 dominated the congener profile, followed by BDEs 100, 99, 153 and 154. ∑PCB concentrations (sum of 41 congeners) ranged from 100 to 93 000 ng/g lipid, with a geometric mean of 4600 ng/g lipid, with CB congeners 153, 138 and 180 making up 84% of the total PCB concentrations. The predominant OC pesticides were p,p′-DDE (geometric mean = 860 ng/g lipid, range = 160–3800 ng/g lipid) and p,p′-DDT (geometric mean = 120 ng/g lipid, range = 30–670 ng/g lipid). No significant differences were found between males and females, probably due to the young age of the animals. Significant decreases (P < 0.01 for PBDEs and P < 0.05 for PCBs/OCs) were observed between newly weaned seals in 1998 and 1999, but not for the majority of juveniles in 1999 and 2000. Significant differences (P < 0.01) were also found between the different seasons in 1999 newly weaned and juvenile seals, reflecting changes in blubber mass.