Small-scale distribution of juvenile gadoids in shallow inshore waters; what role does maerl play?
|Title||Small-scale distribution of juvenile gadoids in shallow inshore waters; what role does maerl play?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Kamenos, NA, Moore, PG, Hall-Spencer, JM|
|Journal||ICES Journal of Marine Science|
The indirect effects of demersal fisheries, such as habitat degradation, are currently thought to be impacting gadoid stocks. Maerl fulfils nursery area prerequisites for several invertebrate species, so its role in similar ecosystem service provision for gadoids has been addressed. Juvenile cod (Gadus morhua), saithe (Pollachius virens), and pollack (Pollachius pollachius) in shallow (<7 m) inshore waters were surveyed with fykenets and scuba off western Scotland over a period of 12 months. Juvenile densities were highest from September to November, and at that time, significantly more were present during the day and associated with maerl (that lacked macroalgal cover) than with heavily vegetated rocky and gravel substrata. Juvenile cod were present throughout the year, whereas saithe appeared in July, and pollack from September to January. With its abundance of food, maerl probably has a high holding capacity for juvenile gadoids, and thus is an important part of the inshore nursery system.
|Short Title||ICES Journal of Marine Science|